DRUYA (Pol. Druja), town in Molodechno district, Belarus. The Jewish community is mentioned in the late 16th century. Many Jews there were occupied in the local soap industry and others traded in farm products, like flax, grain, and hides. They dominated trade. In the late 18th century a beautiful synagogue was constructed. The community numbered 1,305 in 1766; 2,366 in 1847; 3,006 in 1897 (out of a total population of 4,742); 1,011 (41%) in 1921; and 1,800 in 1925. The author alter druyanow was born in Druya. After WWI, Jewish merchants resumed their trade in agricultural products; others were artisans. The center of cultural life was the Bund-dominated Yiddish school. (Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.) -Holocaust Period On the eve of World War II the Jewish population of Druya numbered about 1,500. Between October 1939 and June 1941 Druya was occupied by the Soviets. On July 6, 1941, after the outbreak of the German-Soviet war, the Germans entered the town. During the first days of the war many people accused of allegiance to the Soviets were killed. In April 1942 two ghettos were created, one for workers, the second for non-workers. On   July 2, 1942, the Germans surrounded the ghettos in order to liquidate them. The inhabitants tried to break out and some groups succeeded in reaching the forests. In order to prevent a mass escape, the Germans shot at Jews and set the ghettos aflame. Some of those who escaped to the forest joined the partisans around the village of Balnia and participated in activities against the Germans. About 50–60 persons survived. (Aharon Weiss) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Schipper, Dzieje handlu żydowskiego na ziemach polskich (1937), index; B. Wasiutiński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce… (1930), 84; O. Hedemann, Dzisna i Druja (1934); A. Druyanow, in: Reshumot, 1 (1925), 437–49; Yad Vashem Archives.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Druya — View of Druya, by Napoleon Orda. Druya (Друя) is a historic townlet in Vitebsk Oblast, Belarus, about 30 km northeast of Braslaw, located on the left bank of the Daugava River, at the mouth of the Drujka River, opposite the Latvian parish of… …   Wikipedia

  • Druya — Original name in latin Druya Name in other language Druja, Druya, Друя State code BY Continent/City Europe/Minsk longitude 55.7906 latitude 27.4505 altitude 110 Population 1500 Date 2012 02 28 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Daugava River — Daugava The Daugava in Riga during winter Origin Russia Mouth Gulf of Riga, Baltic Sea …   Wikipedia

  • Tripura — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type=state state name=Tripura native name=Tripura locator position=left capital=Agartala latd = 23.84 longd = 91.28 base base map label=no largest city=Agartala abbreviation=IN TR official languages=Bengali, Kokborok… …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Resnick — Matthew Resnick (1867 1942, Rochester, New York) was an American Rabbi, writer and publisher.Resnick studied under Rabbi Abraham Zadok Bagin in Druya, Byelorussia. He served as rabbi in Ashkhabad (on the Caspian Sea), Kokand in Turkestan, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Shyaulyay Offensive — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Shyaulyay Offensive caption= partof=Operation Bagration / Eastern Front place=Belorussian SSR and Lithuania date=July 5, 1944 ndash; August 29, 1944 result=Soviet victory combatant1= combatant2=flagicon|USSR… …   Wikipedia

  • Derecho de Magdeburgo — El Derecho de Magdeburgo (en alemán: Magdeburger Recht) fue uno de los más conocidos sistemas de derecho urbano. Fue formado en el siglo XIII en la ciudad alemana de Magdeburgo como derecho urbano feudal, en virtud del cual la actividad económica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Russo–Polish War (1654–67) — For other Russo Polish conflicts see Russo Polish War. For other wars termed Thirteen Years War, see Thirteen Years War. For other wars termed First Northern War, see First Northern War. Russo Polish War (1654–1667) …   Wikipedia

  • Druyanow, Alter — (1870 1938)    Polish Hebrew writer and Zionist leader. He was born in Druya in the district of Vilna. He was a member of the Hibbat Zion movement and secretary of its Odessa committee from 1890 1905. He lived in Palestine in 1906 9 and from 1923 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • BELORUSSIA — BELORUSSIA, territory located between the rivers Neman (west) and Dnieper (east) and the rivers Pripet (south) and Dvina (north). Between the 14th and 18th centuries part of poland lithuania , from the partitions of Poland (1772–95) until the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.